City of York
City WallsThe city's splendid medieval walls surround most of the city centre and are partly built on Roman foundations. After some restoration since the 19th century, the walls are the most intact city walls in Britain and can be walked for most of their length.
York MinsterYork Minster is one of the world's most magnificent cathedrals and among the largest Gothic cathedrals in Europe. Work was started on the present cathedral in about 1230, although there have been at least three previous cathedrals on the site and the remains of the Roman Basilica have been found beneath the building. The cathedral was declared complete in 1472. The Minster is the venue of the York Minster Mystery Plays between May 26 and June 30, 2016.
Clifford's Tower is the largest remaining part of York Castle. The original castle was built of earth and timber by William the Conqueror in 1068 and survived the damage of revolts against the Norman king and an attack by Danish Invaders. The tower was burned down in 1190 though, after York's 150-strong Jewish community were beseiged there to become victims of a mass suicide and massacre. The present tower, now a English Heritage site, dates from the late 13th century and is thought to have been used as a treasury and as a prison.
St Mary's Abbey ruins
The ruins of the St Mary's Abbey Church are among the features of the York Museum Gardens. The Benedictine Abbey was once the richest in the north of England. Although the original church on the site traces its origins to the mid-11th century, the remains are from a rebuilding of the church in the late 13th century.
Museums: Some of the wide selection are detailed below.
York offers a unique vintage shopping experience in its paved shopping streets together with an array of gift, antique, fashion, book and chocolate shops as well as the usual big high street names. Regular open air and farmer's markets offering local produce add to the old world atmosphere and a St Nicholas Market is held in the city from mid-November to December 23. Just off the A64 ring road, York also has a designer outlet at one of the park and ride entries to the city.
York's main Post Office is at Lendal and there are also a number of other offices around the city.
York has bank and building society branches.
York has several pharmacies.
The city has a good range of pubs, including historic and more modern bars. Some offer a range of locally-brewed ales and most have a food menu.
York has an abundance of restaurants, cafes and pub eateries with a huge selection of menus catering for all tastes.
The York central library is in Library Square. It is one of several libraries in the City of York district which since 2014 have been run by Explore York Libraries and Archives, a mutual benefit society with charitable status.
The city has a number of public toilets, usually with a 40p charge. Among centrally located ones are toilets at St Leonard's Place, Silver Street and the Coppergate Shopping Centre.
There are many schools throughout York and its districts and the two universities detailed below.
The River Foss joins the River Ouse at York. River cruises along the River Ouse are among the city's highlights.
The University of York
The University of York was founded in 1963 and has since seen major expansion on a parkland campus around lakes near Heslington Hall about two miles from the centre of the city.
York St John University
York St John University is on a campus just outside the city walls close to York Minster. It was originally founded in 1841 as the York Diocesan Training School. Having gained degree awarding powers in 2005, it became York St John University the following year.
MuseumsYork has a wide range of museums covering the history of various periods and themes. They include:
National Railway MuseumLeeman Road,
Huge halls of locomotives and trains feature in this exhibition covering Britain's railway history from early horse-drawn and steam power to modern high speed trains.
More details at the
Yorkshire MuseumYork Museum Gardens,
The Yorkshire Museum features exhibits ranging from dinosaurs to a 11,000-year-old Mesolithic pendant, Roman, Viking and medieval discoveries. The museum is set in botanical gardens also featuring the ruins of the medieval St Mary's Abbey.
More information at the
York Castle MuseumEye of
Set in 18th century prison buildings, the museum shows how York and its castle have been a site of justice for nearly 1,000 years, with stories including the legendary highwayman Dick Turpin and the last woman to be burnt at the stake in Yorkshire. The museum also features a recreation of a Victorian street, a water mill and exhibits from time of change in the 20th century. The museum also has exhibits from the city's chocolate-making past, in particular Terry's, which produced chocolate in York until 2005 and could trace its history in the city back to 1767.
More details at the
Jorvik Viking CentreCoppergate,
The centre, owned by the York Archealogical Trust, shows York's Viking history with a journey through scenes recreating its Viking streets. The centre has been fully refurbished after flooding in 2015 and offers a ride through animatronic figures amid the sights, sounds and smells of York's 10th century streets.
More information at
Richard III Experience
An exhibition in one the York city gateways of the life of King Richard III who maintained close connections with York during his two-year reign before his death at the Battle of Bosworth in Leicestershire in 1485, the last English monarch to have been killed in battle. The upper storey of the Monk Bar gateway was completed in Richard's reign.
Henry VII Experience
This exhibition about the first Tudor king and Tudor times is situated at Micklegate Bar, the main gateway to the city and a place where the heads of traitors have been displayed. King Henry would have entered the gateway on his first visit to York in 1486, the year after his coronation and the year he married Elizabeth of York. Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of King Edward IV, elder sister of King Edward V and niece of King Richard III, the latter having been killed in the War of the Roses battle fighting Henry's Lancastrian army at Bosworth in Leicestershire. While she might have had a strong claim to the throne herself, she became Queen Elizabeth as Henry's consort, her coronation taking place in 1487. Her granddaughter, born 30 years after her death, would ultimately become the last Tudor monarch, Queen Elizabeth I.
Built as the York townhouse of Nostell Priory, near Wakefield, the earliest parts of Barley Hall date from around 1360. The hall was later used by the Lord Mayor of York in the 15th century. In recent times it had become hidden behind a modern facade, but was bought by the York Archaeological Trust in 1987. Following work to restore the hall it was reopened to the public in 1993. Inside it has been decorated as it might have been as the mayor's family home in the 1480s.
York Army Museum
Regimental Museum of The Royal Dragoon Guards and The Yorkshire Regiment.
Yorkshire Museum of FarmingMurton Park, Murton, near
Murton Park, about 3 miles east of the city centre, is the location of the Yorkshire Museum of Farming, which has a wide range of historic agricultural machinery and implements, a large photgraphic collection and a gallery deticated to the Women's Land Army. The park is also the home of the Danelaw Centre for Living History and the Derwent Valley Light Railway, where trains are run on Sundays and Bank Holidays on the surviving half-mile of this former 16-mile agricultural light railway.
More information at the
Yorkshire Air MuseumHalifax Way, Elvington, near
The Yorkshire Air Museum is at the former RAF Elvington, about 3 miles south-west of York. During World War II it was an RAF Bomber Command Station used by Allied bomber crews, including Frence Air Force squadrons. The museum now situated there has a huge range of exhibits taking visitors from the earliest pioneers of aviation, including Yorkshireman George Cayley, through both World Wars and the Cold War era. More than 60 aircraft and flight-related vehicles are on show at the airfield. The museum is also the location of the Allied Air Forces Memorial, commemorating all allied airmen and women.
More details at the
York City Football Club'The Minstermen' play soccer at Bootham Crescent.
York City KnightsPlay rugby league at Bootham Crescent.
Holds race meetings througout the season. Its most important meeting is the Ebor festival in August.
York Theatre Royal
With a history of drama stretching back 250 years, York Theatre Royal reopened earlier this year after a £6m redevelopment. It provides a wide variety of performances, pantomime, ballet, events and activities.
Grand Opera House York
The Grand Opera House provides a venue for a wide range of touring shows by national and internationally acclaimed theatre and ballet companies, entertainers and musicians.
The present York station layed claim to being the largest station in the world at the time it opened in 1877. The station is on the East Coast main line with regular services to London King's Cross, North East England and Scotland, the Midlands and South West England, regional expresses across Yorkshire and stopping services for stations to
Station managed by LNER.
Train operators: LNER, Cross Country, Grand Central, TransPennine Express and Northern.
Bus travelA large network of bus routes between the city and its districts operates from city centre streets.
There are bus connections to other Yorkshire towns and cities including
City of York Council have an extensive i Travel York website providing all sorts of information on travelling around York by bus and other transport methods and the city's six Park & Ride schemes.
Car travelSpace in the city centre is limited and some of the centre's streets narrow and pedestrianised. The city has six highly successful park and ride sites, at Askham Bar, the Designer Outlet, Grimston Bar, Monks Cross, Poppleton Bar and Rawcliffe Bar with free parking and £2.90 return bus fare.
The HS2 effect
YorkWith a branch of the HS2 track to Leeds also stretching out towards lines into York, there would be a 29min time saving on the fastest HS2 trains from York compared with the fastest train to London on the East Coast Main Line at present albeit with a longer route mileage and, therefore, possibly higher fares. The fastest HS2 time would be around 1hr 24min.
Emergency servicesNorth Yorkshire Police
North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust
Unitary authorityCity of York Council
The City of York unitary authority covers the city centre and an area of roughly five miles radius from the centre, which includes some of the rural land and villages in the Vale of York beyond its outer ring road which were previously part of Harrogate, Selby and Ryedale districts of North Yorkshire.
The area is divided into 21 wards and 47 councillors are elected with between 1 and 3 councillors per ward. The full council is elected every four years, the most recent full election being in May 2019.
Link to council website
The political composition in April 2019 was :
The political composition after the May 2019 election is :
County strategic authorityWest Yorkshire Combined Authority
Although the City of York is not joined to West Yorkshire, there being four miles of the county of North Yorkshire inbetween, our region's principal city is a partner in the West Yorkshire Combined Authority. This covers some combined services of the five metropolitan district councils of West Yorkshire - Bradford, Calderdale, Leeds, Kirklees and Wakefield - at one time provided by a West Yorkshire metropolitan county council of which York was not part. The Leeds-orientated non-elected Leeds City Region Enterprise Partnership also plays a part in the West Yorkshire authority.
Police and Crime CommissionerPolice and Crime Commissioner North Yorkshire
Covers the county of North Yorkshire and City of York.
Fire AuthorityThe North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service was previously governed by the North Yorkshire Combined Fire Authority made up of elected members from across the broad areas of North Yorkshire and City of York councils which it serves. Following a ministerial announcement in June 2018 the governance of the fire service was transferred to the Police and Crime Commissioner for North Yorkshire from 15 November 2018.
Further information at the
Ceremonial countyNorth Yorkshire
Historic-1974 County Borough not within a Yorkshire riding.
1974-95 District authority within county of North Yorkshire.
1995- Unitary authority with enlarged boundaries.
Also in Yorkshire.guide
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